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New morphometric analysis of Neanderthal
Wednesday 31 October 2018

An article on thetimes.co.uk by the Science Correspondent Rhys Blakely - How Neanderthals did not stoop to conquer - reports on recently published research on the Neanderthal which continues to erode the inaccurate stereotype.

A classic depiction of the Neanderthal
A classic depiction of the Neanderthal. Image: Z Burian

Neanderthal man was not the hunched-over brute so often depicted. In fact, research suggests that our ancient evolutionary cousin stood up straighter than we do. Computer analysis of the most complete Neanderthal skeleton, which dates from about 60,000 years ago, suggests that the clichéd image of a stooped caveman is incorrect.

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Article continues

The evidence points to an upright individual with a spine that was slightly straighter than ours and with a significantly greater lung capacity. A technique called morphometric analysis was used to compare the bones with medical scans of bones from modern adult men and to build a virtual Neanderthal thorax.

The findings, published in the journal Nature Communications, suggest that some broad-chested modern humans may have physiques not dissimilar to a Neanderthal, a subspecies of human that emerged about 400,000 years ago. The average male is thought to have weighed over 75 - 80 kg and stood about 1.6 m tall. The average modern human would have been more gracile, suggests Dr Markus Bastir of the National Museum of Natural History in Spain, a co-author of the study.

Genetic studies have indicated that Neanderthals and early Homo sapiens interbred. You must remember that we are 3 to 4 per cent Neanderthal, states Professor Paul O'Higgins of York University.

Read more:
ORIGINS - Exploring the Fossil Record:

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ROCK ART NETWORK
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PALEOANTHROPOLOGY
The extinction of the Neanderthal
by Bradshaw Foundation
Thursday 28 November 2019
Skull found in Greece
by Bradshaw Foundation
Thursday 11 July 2019
Ice Age wolf found
by Bradshaw Foundation
Wednesday 12 June 2019
DNA reveals ancient migrations
by Bradshaw Foundation
Thursday 06 June 2019
Archaeological evidence from hearths
by Bradshaw Foundation
Monday 20 May 2019
Studio Libeskind in Kenya
by Bradshaw Foundation
Wednesday 15 May 2019
Oldest footprint in the Americas
by Bradshaw Foundation
Monday 29 April 2019
DNA reveals origin of Stonehenge builders
by Bradshaw Foundation
Tuesday 16 April 2019
New research on Homo floresiensis
by Bradshaw Foundation
Thursday 14 March 2019
Desert West Indigenous Cosmology
by Bradshaw Foundation
Monday 21 January 2019
Route of first humans into Australia
by Bradshaw Foundation
Monday 05 November 2018
New morphometric analysis of Neanderthal
by Bradshaw Foundation
Wednesday 31 October 2018
Discovery of North America's oldest weapons
by Bradshaw Foundation
Friday 26 October 2018
Dexterous Neanderthals
by Bradshaw Foundation
Tuesday 23 October 2018
Denisova DNA proof of parenting
by Bradshaw Foundation
Thursday 23 August 2018
New series about the Neanderthals
by Bradshaw Foundation
Monday 14 May 2018
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