Tanum Rock Art Museum Sweden

ONGOING ROCK ART RESEARCH AND RECORDING

 
 
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Scandinavian Bronze Age rock art represents a unique contribution to prehistoric culture, and tens of thousands of localities are known in Sweden, Norway and Denmark. Cup marks are the most common rock art symbol in the Bronze Age (1700-500 BC) and Pre Roman Iron Age (500-0 BC), on the second place come ships which are depicted during the full length of the period. This means that it probably was an important symbol. This is shown by earlier research and it has been suggested that it probably indicates a society based on maritime mobility. This is in great contrast to older research where you traditionally only saw the Rock Art as picturing agricultural religious beliefs and ceremonials. Depictions of ships comprise over 25% of the Danish rock carvings excluding cup marks, while the corresponding huge amount of ship figures for Sweden and Norway are about 50% and 60% respectively.
 
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Ships are also portrayed on bronze artefacts, such as i.e. razor blades, an important source for dating Rock Art. This shows of a para­mount importance and interest in the ship, something that separates them from contemporaneous Rock Art areas in the rest of Europe.
 
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Bronze sword with a ship engraving
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Ship images in Scandinavian rock art
Left One – among thousands of ship images in Scandinavia. Tanum, Sweden. Photo: G. Milstreu. Right Drawing of the bronze sword with a ship engraving from Rørby, Denmark dated to Period I of the Early Bronze Age, 1600 BC Period 1. It forms a chronological basis for typological dating (after Aner & Kersten). Photo: Ship image Period !. Simrishamn, Sweden. Photo: G. Milstreu, F. Kaul.
 
In this material one can clearly see that a huge number of ship carvings have been changed during prehistoric periods. They have been fully or partly re-cut or “updated”, as it is called here. This update can mean that the ship motifs are supplied with details and/or changed in shape. Ships from Early Bronze Age (EBA 1700-1100 BC) are “updated” to Late Bronze Age style (LBA 1100-500 BC), by changing and/or adding new details. In order to make the ships look like last “trend” so to say.
 
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Ship image created during Period III
Archaeology Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs Tanum Sweden Scandinavian Bronze Age Prehistoric Culture
Razor: Ship with s-shaped prows
Left Razor: Ship with s-shaped prows, representing stylized horse heads. Razor from Denmark, dated to Period V, 900-700 BC (after Sprockhoff). Rubbing: Ship image created in Period I, 1700-1400 BC, updated with s-shaped stem during Period V, 900-700 BC. Balken, Sweden. Photo: G. Milstreu. Right Ship image created during Period III, 1300-1100 BC, supplemented with s-shaped prow during Period V, 900-700 BC. Sotetorp, Sweden. Rubbing: Tanum Rock Art Museum, Underslös.
 
The aim of this research is therefore to bring the iconographic changes and re-cutting into focus. This study should be seen as the call for a more thorough and detailed ongoing examination, where other images as i.e. weapons must be included. (Gerhard Milstreu, Tanum Rock Art Museum)
 
The chronological-typological development of Nordic-Bronze-Age renderings
Rock Art Research Recording Sweden Tanum Archaeology
Diagram showing the chronological-typological development of Nordic-Bronze-Age renderings. Left column, datable ships. Wright column ships on the rocks which can be dated by analogy with the ships on bronzes, left. After Kaul 1998.
 
Measured ship depictions in relation to shore displacements
Rock Art Research Recording Sweden Tanum Archaeology
Measured ship depictions in relation to shore displacements. After Ling 2008.
 
Like us on Facebook & Follow us on Twitter to receive news & updates:
 
Tanum Rock Art Index
Scandinavian Rock Art Archive
Bradshaw Foundation
Support our work & become a
Friend of the Foundation
Bradshaw Foundation Twitter @BrashawFND
Homepage About the Foundation Contact Us Facebook News Articles Twitter List of Research Papers Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Travel Index About the Expeditions Forthcoming Expeditions Bespoke Expeditions Enquire Practical Information History of Exploration Welcome to the iShop Film Downloads DVD's Sculpture Prints Clothing Messenger Bag eBooks INORA Downloads About iLecture Films Shipping & Handling iLectures In Conversation Video Stories Travel Films Read the reviews Join the free Mailing List Bradshaw Foundation Facebook Friends of the Foundation Archive Index World's Oldest Rock Art Africa Documentary Films South Africa RARI Giraffe Carvings Niger Namibia Western Central Africa Africa Paintings Gallery Tanzania The Tuareg People Tuareg Salt Caravans Gilf Kebir Birnin Kudu Rock Art Center Archive Index San Rock Art Paintings San Bushman San Rock Art Film Origins Centre Johannesburg Archive Index Arizona Baja California Baja California Film Coso Range Talking Stone Film Nevada Oregon Territory Moab, Utah Clovis First Australia Archive Index Introduction Bradshaw Paintings Kimberley Region The Unambal Hugh Brown Leif Thiele Gallery Dan Clark Grahame Walsh Ian Wilson Bradshaws / Gwion Gwion Archive Index Introduction Origins of the British Avebury Stonehenge Sounds of Stonehenge The British Museum British Isles Megaliths Gower Peninsula Rock Art Mendip Hills Prehistory Northumberland Rock Art Red Lady of Paviland Stone Age Mammoth Abattoir Archive Index Introduction Peterborough Petroglyphs Western Canadian Rock Art Writing-On-Stone Wuikinuxv Territory Dinosaur Provincial Park Archive Index Huashan Rock Art Yinchuan Museum Rock Art Festival Field Trip Gallery Itinerant Creeds Inner Mongolia & Ningxia Vanishing Civilization Life in Rock Art (PDF) Tibet Tibet Photographs Dazu Rock Carvings Tiger Motif Archive Index Chauvet Cave Lascaux Cave Niaux Cave Cosquer Cave Rouffignac Cave Portable Art Defining Rock Art Tuc d'Audoubert Bison Dr. Jean Clottes Index UNESCO World Heritage Introduction Cave Paintings Gallery Visiting the Chauvet Cave Return to Chauvet Cave Investigating the Cave Venus & Sorcerer Werner Herzog Film Chauvet Publications India Archive Index Rock Art Central India Pachmarhi Hills India Rock Art Gallery Preservation & Education Dr. V. S. Wakankar Articles on India Rock Art Contemporary Art Middle East Archive Index Middle East Inroduction Rock Art of Iran Rock Art of Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Rock Art Ancient Geometry Middle East Colonisation Scandinavian Rock Art Archive Scandinavian Introduction Alta Rock Art Norway Rock Art in Finland Tanum Rock Art Sweden Thor Heyerdahl Archive Index Introduction America's Oldest Art? Pedra Furada Bolivian Rock Art Campeche Island - Brazil Checta Petroglyphs - Peru Cueva de las Manos Santa Catarina Island - Brazil Rock Art in Britain Campeche Rock Art Petroglyphs El Salvador - Corinto Cave Hand Rock Art Paintings Tibetan Rock Art United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Yinchuan Rock Art Museum Introduction Ice Age Art Gallery Claire Artemyz Jill Cook Interview Cycladic Introduction Cycladic Gallery Introduction Geometric Signs Chart Research Methodology Geometric Signs in France Sign Types/Countries/Regions Bibliography Ancient Symbols in Rock Art Newsletter Archive Download Issues Introduction Genetic Map Professor Stephen Oppenheimer Further Reading Origins of the British BBC Documentary Origins Index Origins Overview 13 Big Questions Stanley Ambrose Homo Floresiensis Herto Skulls Homo Dmanisi Liujiang Skull Introduction Sentinels in Stone Easter Island Rock Art Birdman Cult / Motif Sea & Marine Creatures Design & Motifs Dr Georgia Lee Easter Island Map Contemporary Art Glossary Conclusion Thor Heyerdahl Introduction When & Who Built It? How Was It Built? The Area Sounds of Stonehenge Meaning of a Pyramid Pyramid Studies Pyramid Superstructure Pyramid Substructure Pyramid Preparations Pyramid Building Saqqara Nabil Swelim Temples of Malta and Gozo Research in the Caucasus The Keselo Foundation Homo Dmanisi Ancient Toolmakers Index Introduction Descent into the Cave The Decorated Caves Shamanistic Experience Spring Initiation Rites Summary Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Professor John P. Miller Motif: Eternal Index Banksy Han Meilin Bruce Radke Christian Tuki Gordon Ellis-Brown Site Map Search the Website Glossary of Terms & Definition Podcast on iTunes Other Websites Contact the Foundation