geometric signs symbols cave rock art geometric signs symbols cave rock art

Geometric Signs & Symbols in Rock Art

Bibliography




Bibliography for photos and drawings

Negative Hand
Negative Hand Map Image, Aurignacian and Gravettian periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 91.

Open-Angle
Blombos - Close-up photos of engraved ochre - Henshilwood et al. "Emergence of Modern Human Behaviour: Middle Stone Age Engravings from South Africa", Science, February 15th, 2002, Vol. 295, no. 5558, p. 1278-1280.
Cosquer – Row of engraved open-angle signs – digital version from Bradshaw Foundation website: http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/cosquer/gallery17.html

Oval
Abri Blanchard - Incomplete oval sign: B. and G. Delluc, 1991, p. 123 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Le Colombier II - Engraved oval sign: A. Dubouloz in L’Atlas des Grottes Ornées, 1984. Page 624.
Oval Signs Map Image - Distribution of Sites in All Periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009.

Pectiform
Cueva de la Pileta, Spain - Black pectiforms - Photo by L. F. Sánchez Tundidor, from http://www.canalandaluz.com/paleo/pileta.htm

Penniform
Lascaux colour photo of penniform: http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux/fr/
Lascaux – colour photo of penniforms with horse - photo by Alain Roussot - http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/lascaux/fr/
Laussel - Venus of Laussel (penniform on right hip): Venus of Laussel - full view of block (sign visible): Photo by J.M. Ahnaud in "Les Dossiers d’Archéologie", no. 209, 1995-1996, p. 55. Digital image from EuroPreArt.
Marsoulas - colour photo of penniform: M. Lorblanchet, 1995, p. 100 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Niaux - Bison with penniforms: Clottes 1995 p. 153 - Les cavernes de Niaux. Art préhistorique en Ariège , Seuil , Paris – digital version from EuroPreArt.

Positive Hand
Positive Hand Map Image, all periods - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 104.

Quadrangle
Gabillou - Engraved quadrangle: J. Gaussen in J. Clottes and D. Lewis-Williams, 1996, p. 95 - digital version from EuroPreArt.
Lascaux - Red quadrangle: J. Vertut in A. Leroi-Gourhan, 1965, p. 224 – digital version from EuroPreArt.

Reniform
Reniform Site Distribution Map - von Petzinger, Genevieve. Making the Abstract Concrete: The Place of Geometric Signs in French Upper Paleolithic Parietal Art (unpublished Master’s thesis), April 2009, page 109.
Roc de Vézac - 2 engraved reniforms: photo by N. Aujoulat in L’A de GO, 1984, p. 243 - digital copy from EuroPreArt.

Scalariform
Abri du Poisson - Photo of fish engraving with scalariform: A. Roussot, 1990, p. 31. Digital image from EuroPreArt.

Serpentiform
Grotte Chauvet - Engraved serpentiform on side of horse, plus lines and open-angle: Chauvet et al., 1995, p. 37 - digital version from EuroPreArt.

Tectiform
Bernifal - Photo of red tectiform: J. Vertut in A. Roussot, 1990, p. 59 - digital version from EuroPreArt.

Triangle
Sombre - Tracing of multiple signs - oval, lines, crosshatch, triangle: J. Combier and P. Ayroles in L’Atlas des grottes ornees, 1984, p. 608.



Genevieve von Petzinger | An Introduction
What are Geometric Signs? | Worldwide Geometric Signs Chart
Research Methodology
Geometric Signs in France | Page | 1 | 2 |
Sign Types Present in Countries and Regions
Bibliography
Bibliography | for photos and drawings | A to L | N to Z |


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